What are surgical gowns and why are they important?
Surgical gowns are personal protective equipment worn by healthcare professionals during surgery to prevent the transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate matter. They're important in maintaining sterile conditions and protecting both the patient and medical personnel.
Are there different types of surgical gowns?
Yes, surgical gowns come in different levels (1-4), according to the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), which refers to the gown's resistance to fluid penetration.
How do I choose the right surgical gown?
The choice depends on the type of surgery and the anticipated exposure to blood and bodily fluids. Gowns with a higher AAMI level offer greater protection and are typically used in surgeries with a higher fluid exposure risk. Level 1 offers basic protection, whereas level 4 is suitable for high-risk procedures.
How do surgical gowns protect against bacteria and viruses?
Surgical gowns act as a physical barrier that prevents the transmission of microorganisms from the medical personnel to the patient and vice versa. They are typically made from materials that resist penetration by bacteria, viruses, and fluids.
How do I properly put on (don) and take off (doff) a surgical gown?
Proper donning and doffing procedures are critical to ensure the gown's protective function and prevent contamination. Detailed instructions should be provided by the gown's manufacturer or institution's infection control guidelines.